ESVM guidelines: the diagnosis and management of Raynaud's phenomenon

Jill Belch (Lead / Corresponding author), Anita Carlizza, Patrick H. Carpentier, Joel Constans, Faisel Khan, Jean-Claude Wautrecht, Adriana Visona, Christian Heiss, Marianne Brodeman, Zsolt Pécsvárady, Karel Roztocil, Mary-Paula Colgan, Dragan Vasic, Anders Gottsäter, Beatrice Amann-Vesti, Ali Chraim, Pavel Poredoš, Dan-Mircea Olinic, Juraj Madaric, Sigrid NikolAriane L. Herrick, Muriel Sprynger, Peter Klein-Weigel, Franz Hafner, Daniel Staub, Zan Zeman

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    72 Citations (Scopus)
    526 Downloads (Pure)


    Regarding the clinical diagnosis of Raynaud's phenomenon and its associated conditions, investigations and treatment are substantial, and yet no international consensus has been published regarding the medical management of patients presenting with this condition. Most knowledge on this topic derives from epidemiological surveys and observational studies; few randomized studies are available, almost all relating to drug treatment, and thus these guidelines were developed as an expert consensus document to aid in the diagnosis and management of Raynaud's phenomenon. This consensus document starts with a clarification about the definition and terminology of Raynaud's phenomenon and covers the differential and aetiological diagnoses as well as the symptomatic treatment.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)413-423
    Number of pages11
    Issue number6
    Early online date12 Sept 2017
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017


    • Raynaud’s
    • Systemic sclerosis
    • Vasospasm
    • Hand arm vibration


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