European Resuscitation Council Guidelines 2021: First aid

David A. Zideman (Lead / Corresponding author), Eunice M. Singletary, Vere Borra, Pascal Cassan, Carmen D. Cimpoesu, Emmy De Buck, Therese Djärv, Anthony J. Handley, Barry Klaassen, Daniel Meyran, Emily Oliver, Kurtis Poole

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    36 Citations (Scopus)


    The European Resuscitation Council has produced these first aid guidelines, which are based on the 2020 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Science with Treatment Recommendations. The topics include the first aid management of emergency medicine and trauma. For medical emergencies the following content is covered: recovery position, optimal positioning for shock, bronchodilator administration for asthma, recognition of stroke, early aspirin for chest pain, second dose of adrenaline for anaphylaxis, management of hypoglycaemia, oral rehydration solutions for treating exertion-related dehydration, management of heat stroke by cooling, supplemental oxygen in acute stroke, and presyncope. For trauma related emergencies the following topics are covered: control of life-threatening bleeding, management of open chest wounds, cervical spine motion restriction and stabilisation, recognition of concussion, cooling of thermal burns, dental avulsion, compression wrap for closed extremity joint injuries, straightening an angulated fracture, and eye injury from chemical exposure.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)270-290
    Number of pages21
    Early online date24 Mar 2021
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Emergency Medicine
    • Emergency
    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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