The authors describe the use of modified baculoviruses containing mammalian expression cassettes (BacMam technology) in steroid nuclear receptor reporter assays designed for screening and profiling agonist and antagonist compounds. Baculo-viruses were constructed that express full-length human genes for mineralocorticoid receptor (MR), glucocorticoid receptor (GR), progesterone receptor A (PR-A), and progesterone receptor B (PR-B) from the cytomegalovirus immediate early promoter. A virus carrying the mouse mammary tumor virus-firefly luciferase (MMTV-Luc) cassette was generated to provide a suitable reporter construct. Feasibility studies with BacMam-MR in single-dose tests of 1000 compounds showed high correlation to the standard transfection-based assay results. Likewise, in dose-response experiments, BacMam-based assays for GR and PR-B produced potency and efficacy values similar to transfection assay results. At various receptor/reporter ratios, the BacMam assays showed good flexibility, demonstrating consistent signal-to-background (S/B) ratios and compound potencies. Increasing transduction time from 24 to 48 h provided no benefit, actually reducing overall assay performance as measured by S/B and Z' values. The BacMam technology was applied in studies of isoforms PR-A and PR-B, which showed similar responses to a series of agonists. Taken together, the results demonstrate the utility of steroid nuclear receptor BacMam constructs for compound screening procedures with high reproducibility, reduced turnaround time, and lower cost.