Evaluation of ethnic disparities in detection of depression and anxiety in primary care during the maternal period: combined analysis of routine and cohort data

Stephanie L. Prady (Lead / Corresponding author), Kate E. Pickett, Emily S. Petherick, Simon Gilbody, T. Croudace, Dan Mason, Trevor A. Sheldon, John Wright

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    Abstract

    Background
    There are limited data on detection disparities of common mental disorders in minority ethnic women.

    Aims
    Describe the natural history of common mental disorders in primary care in the maternal period, characterise women with, and explore ethnic disparities in, detected and potentially missed common mental disorders.

    Method
    Secondary analyses of linked birth cohort and primary care data involving 8991 (39.4% White British) women in Bradford. Common mental disorders were characterised through indications in the electronic medical record. Potentially missed common mental disorders were defined as an elevated General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28) score during pregnancy with no corresponding common mental disorder markers in the medical record.

    Results
    Estimated prevalence of pre-birth common mental disorders was 9.5%, rising to 14.0% 3 years postnatally. Up to half of cases were potentially missed. Compared with White British women, minority ethnic women were twice as likely to have potentially missed common mental disorders and half as likely to have a marker of screening for common mental disorders.

    Conclusions
    Common mental disorder detection disparities exist for minority ethnic women in the maternal period.
    Original languageEnglish
    JournalBritish Journal of Psychiatry
    Early online date21 Jan 2016
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 3 May 2016

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