Evaluation of low carbon mortar matrices reinforced with natural fibres

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


In recent years, significant steps have been taken towards the design of sustainable cementitious-based materials, mainly by promoting industrial and/or natural by-products in partial substitution of Portland Cement (PC). The design of concrete mix should be, however, tailored to the specificity of the application, which may incorporate additional features aimed at reducing the impact of construction material on the environment. Recent research by the authors has focused on the valorisation of natural fibres obtained from crop varieties wildly available in India, which are generally fated to incineration and are therefore cause of considerable pollution. The overall aim is to use waste fibres combined with mortar to improve the mechanical and durability properties of both fibres and cement-based material. An experimental investigation has focused on the influence of partial cement replacement on the mechanical properties of different mixes in compliance with EN 196 standard. These are preliminary tests on mortar matrices aimed at designing sustainable concrete. Binary and ternary mixes were obtained by varying the content of ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS) and/or-limestone powder (LS) in substitution of PC. Additional mixes were obtained by adding 1% of ‘Ambadi’ fibres weight (as a percentage of binder weight) to the same mix composition. Flexural and compressive tests were performed on mortar prisms to evaluate the peak strengths of all materials and the post-peak performance in flexure of fibre reinforced specimens. The study has revealed that mortar mixes with up to 90% replacement of PC can be successfully used in the construction industry to achieve mechanical performances sufficient for structural application. Such mixes are also demonstrated to be compatible with plant-based natural fibres, which have the potential to contribute to crack restraint and durability of concrete positively.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConcrete Structures
Subtitle of host publicationNew Trends for Eco-Efficiency and Performance - Proceedings of the fib Symposium 2021
EditorsEduardo Julio, Jonatas Valenca, Ana Sofia Louro
Publisherfib. The International Federation for Structural Concrete
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9782940643080
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event2021 fib Symposium of Concrete Structures: New Trends for Eco-Efficiency and Performance - Virtual, Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 14 Jun 202116 Jun 2021

Publication series

Namefib Symposium
ISSN (Print)2617-4820


Conference2021 fib Symposium of Concrete Structures: New Trends for Eco-Efficiency and Performance
CityVirtual, Lisbon


  • Cementitious-based materials
  • Embodied carbon
  • Low-cement concrete
  • Natural fibres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)


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