Event-related potentials and the recollection of associative information

Michael D. Rugg, Astrid M. Schloerscheidt, Michael C. Doyle, Catherine J. C. Cox, Geoffrey R. Patching

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    64 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 13 scalp sites during the performance of an associative recall task. At study, subjects were presented with a series of word pairs and were required to incorporate the two members of each pair into a sentence. At test, the first members of each pair were presented intermixed with an equal number of unstudied items. Subjects were required to discriminate between new and studied (old) words and, for each word judged old, to attempt to recall the word with which it had been associated at study. Compared to the ERPs elicited by new words, the ERPs elicited by words correctly judged to be old and for which the associate was correctly recalled showed a sustained, positive-going shift (the ''parietal old/new effect''). This effect was strongly lateralised to the left hemisphere and was maximal at temporo-parietal electrodes. The effect was absent in ERPs elicited by words that were correctly judged to be old, but for which the studied associate could not be recalled. The findings are taken as support for the idea that the parietal old/new effect reflects neural activity associated with the recollection of specific past episodes, and hence that the effect may index retrieval operations supported by the medial temporal lobe memory system.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)297-304
    Number of pages8
    JournalCognitive Brain Research
    Volume4
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Nov 1996

    Keywords

    • CONSCIOUS RECOLLECTION
    • recognition memory
    • IMPAIRMENT
    • BRAIN
    • recollection
    • episodic memory
    • associative recall
    • RETRIEVAL
    • RECOGNITION MEMORY

    Cite this

    Rugg, M. D., Schloerscheidt, A. M., Doyle, M. C., Cox, C. J. C., & Patching, G. R. (1996). Event-related potentials and the recollection of associative information. Cognitive Brain Research, 4(4), 297-304. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6410(96)00067-5
    Rugg, Michael D. ; Schloerscheidt, Astrid M. ; Doyle, Michael C. ; Cox, Catherine J. C. ; Patching, Geoffrey R. / Event-related potentials and the recollection of associative information. In: Cognitive Brain Research. 1996 ; Vol. 4, No. 4. pp. 297-304.
    @article{16bd48d0443145869fcd406449e1ac1a,
    title = "Event-related potentials and the recollection of associative information",
    abstract = "Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 13 scalp sites during the performance of an associative recall task. At study, subjects were presented with a series of word pairs and were required to incorporate the two members of each pair into a sentence. At test, the first members of each pair were presented intermixed with an equal number of unstudied items. Subjects were required to discriminate between new and studied (old) words and, for each word judged old, to attempt to recall the word with which it had been associated at study. Compared to the ERPs elicited by new words, the ERPs elicited by words correctly judged to be old and for which the associate was correctly recalled showed a sustained, positive-going shift (the ''parietal old/new effect''). This effect was strongly lateralised to the left hemisphere and was maximal at temporo-parietal electrodes. The effect was absent in ERPs elicited by words that were correctly judged to be old, but for which the studied associate could not be recalled. The findings are taken as support for the idea that the parietal old/new effect reflects neural activity associated with the recollection of specific past episodes, and hence that the effect may index retrieval operations supported by the medial temporal lobe memory system.",
    keywords = "CONSCIOUS RECOLLECTION, recognition memory, IMPAIRMENT, BRAIN, recollection, episodic memory, associative recall, RETRIEVAL, RECOGNITION MEMORY",
    author = "Rugg, {Michael D.} and Schloerscheidt, {Astrid M.} and Doyle, {Michael C.} and Cox, {Catherine J. C.} and Patching, {Geoffrey R.}",
    year = "1996",
    month = "11",
    doi = "10.1016/S0926-6410(96)00067-5",
    language = "English",
    volume = "4",
    pages = "297--304",
    journal = "Cognitive Brain Research",
    issn = "0926-6410",
    publisher = "Elsevier BV",
    number = "4",

    }

    Rugg, MD, Schloerscheidt, AM, Doyle, MC, Cox, CJC & Patching, GR 1996, 'Event-related potentials and the recollection of associative information', Cognitive Brain Research, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 297-304. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-6410(96)00067-5

    Event-related potentials and the recollection of associative information. / Rugg, Michael D.; Schloerscheidt, Astrid M.; Doyle, Michael C.; Cox, Catherine J. C.; Patching, Geoffrey R.

    In: Cognitive Brain Research, Vol. 4, No. 4, 11.1996, p. 297-304.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Event-related potentials and the recollection of associative information

    AU - Rugg, Michael D.

    AU - Schloerscheidt, Astrid M.

    AU - Doyle, Michael C.

    AU - Cox, Catherine J. C.

    AU - Patching, Geoffrey R.

    PY - 1996/11

    Y1 - 1996/11

    N2 - Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 13 scalp sites during the performance of an associative recall task. At study, subjects were presented with a series of word pairs and were required to incorporate the two members of each pair into a sentence. At test, the first members of each pair were presented intermixed with an equal number of unstudied items. Subjects were required to discriminate between new and studied (old) words and, for each word judged old, to attempt to recall the word with which it had been associated at study. Compared to the ERPs elicited by new words, the ERPs elicited by words correctly judged to be old and for which the associate was correctly recalled showed a sustained, positive-going shift (the ''parietal old/new effect''). This effect was strongly lateralised to the left hemisphere and was maximal at temporo-parietal electrodes. The effect was absent in ERPs elicited by words that were correctly judged to be old, but for which the studied associate could not be recalled. The findings are taken as support for the idea that the parietal old/new effect reflects neural activity associated with the recollection of specific past episodes, and hence that the effect may index retrieval operations supported by the medial temporal lobe memory system.

    AB - Event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded from 13 scalp sites during the performance of an associative recall task. At study, subjects were presented with a series of word pairs and were required to incorporate the two members of each pair into a sentence. At test, the first members of each pair were presented intermixed with an equal number of unstudied items. Subjects were required to discriminate between new and studied (old) words and, for each word judged old, to attempt to recall the word with which it had been associated at study. Compared to the ERPs elicited by new words, the ERPs elicited by words correctly judged to be old and for which the associate was correctly recalled showed a sustained, positive-going shift (the ''parietal old/new effect''). This effect was strongly lateralised to the left hemisphere and was maximal at temporo-parietal electrodes. The effect was absent in ERPs elicited by words that were correctly judged to be old, but for which the studied associate could not be recalled. The findings are taken as support for the idea that the parietal old/new effect reflects neural activity associated with the recollection of specific past episodes, and hence that the effect may index retrieval operations supported by the medial temporal lobe memory system.

    KW - CONSCIOUS RECOLLECTION

    KW - recognition memory

    KW - IMPAIRMENT

    KW - BRAIN

    KW - recollection

    KW - episodic memory

    KW - associative recall

    KW - RETRIEVAL

    KW - RECOGNITION MEMORY

    U2 - 10.1016/S0926-6410(96)00067-5

    DO - 10.1016/S0926-6410(96)00067-5

    M3 - Article

    VL - 4

    SP - 297

    EP - 304

    JO - Cognitive Brain Research

    JF - Cognitive Brain Research

    SN - 0926-6410

    IS - 4

    ER -