Examining the Roles of Stakeholders and Evidence in Policymaking for Inclusive Urban Development in Nigeria: Findings from a Policy Analysis

Obinna Onwujekwe, Charles T. Orjiakor (Lead / Corresponding author), Aloysius Odii, Benjamin Uzochukwu, Prince Agwu, Chinyere Mbachu, Julianna Onuh, Chukwuedozie Ajaero, Tolib Mirzoev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This study examined the extent to which stakeholders are involved and evidence considered in urban development policies and strategies in Nigeria. With a high urban population growth rate in Nigerian cities, sustainable urban development is critical and should be hinged on viable policies that are evidence-based and consider stakeholders’ inputs and interests. A document review of policies, strategies, and plans that are relevant to urban development in Nigeria was conducted. A total of 25 documents were reviewed consisting of 11 policies, 7 plans and 6 strategies/programs/initiatives/road maps, and 1 legal act. A scoping literature review was also done to navigate assessment of the policy documents. Narrative synthesis of findings was conducted. Various stakeholders at the federal and state levels were listed in the policy and strategy documents as being involved in urban development in Nigeria, including government agencies, development partners, civil society organizations, and community groups. The lack of clarity in stakeholders’ roles in policy development was noted. Various forms of evidence were stated to have been used in policy development including examining policy antecedents, statistical data from diverse sources, country-wide experiences, and expert advice. Stakeholders’ roles in urban development in Nigeria vary across policies, and their involvement in the policy development process is not often explicit. There is a need for harmonized inclusion. Although various forms of evidence were alluded to in some Nigerian urban policies, the sources and manner of utility were somewhat unclear.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-535
Number of pages31
JournalUrban Forum
Early online date19 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • Evidence use
  • Policies
  • Stakeholders’ roles
  • Urban development
  • Urban policies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Urban Studies


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