Exercise therapy for chronic symptomatic peripheral artery disease

Lucia Mazzolai (Lead / Corresponding author), Jill Belch, Maarit Venermo, Victor Aboyans, Marianne Brodmann, Alessandra Bura-Rivière, Sebastien Debus, Christine Espinola-Klein, Amy E. Harwood, John A. Hawley, Stefano Lanzi, Juraj Madarič, Guillaume Mahé, Davide Malatesta, Oliver Schlager, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Chris Seenan, Henrik Sillesen, Garry A. Tew, Adriana Visona

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


All guidelines worldwide strongly recommend exercise as a pillar in the management of patients affected by lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). Exercise therapy in this setting presents different modalities, and a structured programme provides optimal results. This clinical consensus paper is intended to promote and assist the set up of comprehensive exercise programmes and best advice for patients with symptomatic chronic PAD. Different exercise training protocols specific for patients with PAD are presented. Data on patient assessment and outcome measures are described based on the current best evidence. The document ends by highlighting supervised exercise programme access disparities across Europe and the evidence gaps requiring further research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-108
Number of pages22
Issue number2
Early online date1 Mar 2024
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2024


  • Humans
  • Intermittent Claudication/therapy
  • Peripheral Arterial Disease/diagnosis
  • Exercise Therapy/adverse effects
  • Exercise
  • Europe
  • Walking


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