Exploring entertainment utility from football games

Tim Pawlowski (Lead / Corresponding author), Dooruj Rambaccussing, Philip Ramirez, James Reade, Giambattista Rossi

    Research output: Working paper/PreprintPreprint


    Previous research exploring the role of belief dynamics for consumers in the entertainment industry has largely ignored the fact that emotional reactions are a function of the content and a consumer’s disposition towards certain participants involved in an event. By analyzing 19m tweets in combination with in-play information for 380 football matches played in the English Premier League we contribute to the literature in three ways. First, we present a setting for testing how belief dynamics drive behavior which is characterized by several desireable features for empirical research. Second, we present an approach for detecting fans and haters of a club as well as neutrals via sentiment revealed in Tweets. Third, by looking at behavioral responses to the temporal resolution of uncertainty during a game, we offer a fine-grained empirical test for the popular uncertainty-of-outcome hypothesis in sports.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherSocial Science Research Network
    Number of pages31
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2023


    • suspense
    • Surprise
    • entertainment utility
    • football
    • tweets

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)
    • Economics and Econometrics
    • Finance


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