Exploring the influence of washing activities on the transfer and persistence of fibres in forensic science

Virginie Galais (Lead / Corresponding author), Chris Gannicliffe , Patricia Dugard, Stephanie Wilson, Niamh Nic Daeid, Hervé Ménard

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In forensic science, a robust and sound interpretation and evaluation of transferred fibre evidence requires an understanding of the principles and mechanisms that underpin fibre transfer, yet existing research lacks consistency and repeatability. This study investigates the impact of washing activities on both the release of fibres into wastewater and the transfer of constituent fibres from donor garments to receiver swatches. Using a low-cost friction tester and automated data collection through photography and ImageJ image processing software, controlled conditions were maintained for repeated experiments. Results indicated significant fibre release during wash cycles, with load size and donor garment history playing crucial roles. The donor garments subjected to repetitive washes exhibit a progressive decrease in the number of fibres transferred, independently of the load size. This study underscores the importance of considering a garment's washing history in forensic science contexts, but also for consistency in the way that data are collected.
Original languageEnglish
Article number112078
Number of pages13
JournalForensic Science International
Early online date2 Jun 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Jun 2024


  • Forensic science
  • Fiber
  • Washing
  • Transfer
  • Wastewater
  • Automated data collection


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