Exploring the relationship between volunteering and hospice sustainability in the UK: A theoretical model

Ros Scott (Lead / Corresponding author), Divya Jindal-Snape, Gaye Manwaring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Aim: To explore the relationship between volunteering and the sustainability of UK voluntary hospices.

Methods: A narrative literature review was conducted to inform the development of a theoretical model. Eight databases were searched: CINAHL (EBSCO), British Nursing Index, Intute: Health and Life Sciences, ERIC, SCOPUS, ASSIA (CSA), Cochrane Library and Google Scholar.

Results: A total of 90 documents were analysed. Emerging themes included the importance of volunteering to the hospice economy and workforce, the quality of services, and public and community support. Findings suggest that hospice sustainability is dependent on volunteers; however, the supply and retention of volunteers is affected by internal and external factors.

Conclusions: A theoretical model was developed to illustrate the relationship between volunteering and hospice sustainability. It demonstrates the factors necessary for hospice sustainability and the reciprocal impact that these factors and volunteering have on each other. The model has a practical application as an assessment framework and strategic planning tool.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-219
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Palliative Nursing
Issue number5
Early online date24 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - May 2018



  • Hospice care
  • Hospice sustainability
  • Volunteers

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