Exploring the relationship between volunteering and hospice sustainability in the UK: A theoretical model

Ros Scott (Lead / Corresponding author), Divya Jindal-Snape, Gaye Manwaring

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    3 Citations (Scopus)
    391 Downloads (Pure)


    Aim: To explore the relationship between volunteering and the sustainability of UK voluntary hospices.

    Methods: A narrative literature review was conducted to inform the development of a theoretical model. Eight databases were searched: CINAHL (EBSCO), British Nursing Index, Intute: Health and Life Sciences, ERIC, SCOPUS, ASSIA (CSA), Cochrane Library and Google Scholar.

    Results: A total of 90 documents were analysed. Emerging themes included the importance of volunteering to the hospice economy and workforce, the quality of services, and public and community support. Findings suggest that hospice sustainability is dependent on volunteers; however, the supply and retention of volunteers is affected by internal and external factors.

    Conclusions: A theoretical model was developed to illustrate the relationship between volunteering and hospice sustainability. It demonstrates the factors necessary for hospice sustainability and the reciprocal impact that these factors and volunteering have on each other. The model has a practical application as an assessment framework and strategic planning tool.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)212-219
    Number of pages8
    JournalInternational Journal of Palliative Nursing
    Issue number5
    Early online date24 May 2018
    Publication statusPublished - May 2018


    • Hospice care
    • Hospice sustainability
    • Volunteers

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Advanced and Specialised Nursing


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