Exposure to liquid sweetness in early childhood: artificially-sweetened and sugar-sweetened beverage consumption at 4–5 years and risk of overweight and obesity at 7–8 years

A. K. Macintyre (Lead / Corresponding author), L. Marryat, S. Chambers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)
11 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: A significant gap exists in longitudinal evidence on early exposure to artificially sweetened beverages (ASBs) and weight outcomes for paediatric populations. Objective: The objective of this study is to examine the relationship between ASB/sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption at 4–5 years and risk of overweight and obesity at 7–8 years. 

Methods: Data from a nationally representative cohort (n = 2986) in Scotland were analysed using logistic regression to evaluate the association between exposure to ASBs/SSBs at 4–5 years and risk of overweight and obesity at 7–8 years. Results: There were positive unadjusted associations between ASB consumption and risk of obesity, and following adjustment for confounders, ASB associations attenuated, and only the middle consumption category (1 to 6 times per week) remained significant (odds ratio 1.57, 95% confidence interval {CI} 1.05–2.36). For SSB consumption, there were no significant unadjusted associations, and following adjustment for confounders, only the middle consumption category was significant (odds ratio 1.65, 95% CI 1.12–2.44). There were no significant associations for risk of overweight. 

Conclusions: Longitudinal analysis from 4–5 to 7–8 years demonstrated some evidence of associations between ASBs/SSB consumption and risk of obesity. However, non-linear patterns and wide CIs suggest cautious interpretation and need for future studies with long-term follow-up.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-765
Number of pages11
JournalPediatric Obesity
Volume13
Issue number12
Early online date6 Apr 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Artificially sweetened beverages
  • longitudinal cohort
  • obesity
  • sugar-sweetened beverages

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