The expression of class alpha, micro, and pi glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) has been examined during the adipose conversion of mouse 3T3-L1 cells. The GSTA4, GSTM1, and GSTP1/2 subunits are expressed constitutively in confluent 3T3-L1 cells, and their levels remain essentially unchanged during adipocyte differentiation. By contrast, the GSTA3 subunit is virtually undetectable in confluent 3T3-L1 cells under basal conditions, but its expression is markedly induced during adipose conversion. Inhibition of the 3T3-L1 adipogenic program demonstrated that GSTA3 expression is associated specifically with acquisition of the adipocytic phenotype. Reporter gene assays demonstrated that the mouse GSTA3 5(')-upstream region is transcriptionally activated by 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J(2) through an antioxidant response element, suggesting that this pro-adipogenic eicosanoid may be involved in regulating GSTA3 expression during adipogenesis. These data suggest a previously unrecognised role for GSTs in mouse adipocytes.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2003|
Jowsey, I. R., Smith, S. A., & Hayes, J. D. (2003). Expression of the murine glutathione S-transferase α3 (GSTA3) subunit is markedly induced during adipocyte differentiation: activation of the GSTA3 gene promoter by the pro-adipogenic eicosanoid 15-deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2. Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, 312(4), 1226-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbrc.2003.11.068