Fabrication of antibacterial Fe3+-carboxymethylcellulose-polyacrylamide-Ag nanoparticles hydrogel coating for urinary catheters

Jian-xiang Li, Hong Yang, Rong-hua Gu, Yu-hang Dong, Yong-wei Cai (Lead / Corresponding author), Qi Zhao (Lead / Corresponding author), Yao Chen, Mi Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) are one of the most common hospital-acquired infections. In this study, a new Fe3+-carboxymethylcellulose (CMC)-polyacrylamide (PAAm) - Ag nanoparticles (AgNPs) interpenetrating hydrogel coating with antibacterial properties on the surfaces of latex urinary catheters was prepared with a simple dipping method. The morphology, chemical composition, surface roughness, and contact angles of the coated urinary catheters were characterized by using SEM, EDS, ATR-FTIR, XPS, AFM, and contact angle instruments, respectively. The antibacterial performance of the coated urinary catheters was characterized by the inhibition zone tests. Furthermore, the toxicity profile of the coated urinary catheters was also evaluated in vitro via MTT assay and hemolysis test. The experimental results showed that the Fe3+-CMC-PAAm-AgNPs hydrogel-coated urinary catheters had strong antibacterial effects. The concentration of AgNPs after the release of 30 days was still higher than the effective antibacterial concentration of the total Ag (0.1 ppb) and was lower than the toxic concentration of human cells (10 ppm). The inhibition zone tests of the coated urinary catheter against E. coli (ATCC25922) showed that both the CMC-PAAm-AgNPs hydrogel coatings and the Fe3+-CMC-PAAm-AgNPs hydrogel coatings had clear inhibition zones in the culture medium. The addition of Fe3+ exhibited synergistic antibacterial effects with AgNPs. Moreover, the coatings also showed admirable biocompatibility and hemocompatibility. The synergistic antibacterial mechanism was also proposed. The novel Fe3+-CMC-PAAm-AgNPs hydrogel coatings for urinary catheters would have great potential in reducing CAUTIs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131680
Number of pages12
JournalColloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
Early online date18 May 2023
Publication statusPublished - 5 Sept 2023


  • AgNPs
  • Antibacterial coating
  • Double-network hydrogel
  • Fe
  • Polyacrylamide
  • Urinary catheter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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