Facial average soft tissue depth variation based on skeletal classes in Indonesian adult population: A retrospective lateral cephalometric study

Erli Sarilita (Lead / Corresponding author), Christopher Rynn, Peter A. Mossey, Sue Black, Fahmi Oscandar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Objective: To understand the influence of three types of skeletal classes (Class I, Class II and Class III) on midline average soft tissue depth (ASTD).

Methods: Lateral cephalograms of 335 pre-treatment orthodontic patients were obtained from the archive of Radiology Clinic Universitas Padjadjaran Dental Hospital Bandung Indonesia. The linear measurements of 10 midline facial landmarks ASTD and angular measurement of ANB were extracted and analysed statistically.

Results: A database of ASTD grouped by skeletal classes, specific for the Indonesian population, within the South East Asian ancestry group was obtained.

Conclusions: A generic pattern of deeper upper lip than lower lip in class III compared to class II and conversely, deeper lower lip than upper lip in class II compared to class III, was visible in both male and female groups.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101665
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalLegal Medicine
Early online date7 Jan 2020
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020



  • Average soft tissue depths
  • Craniofacial reconstruction
  • Facial soft tissue thickness
  • Indonesia
  • Skeletal classes

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