The failure envelope in V–M space for surface foundations on undrained material under eccentric loading can be determined using an extended version of the scaling (or effective area) concept of Meyerhof. A similar displacement transformation allows production of the plastic potential. The two-dimensional finite element analyses of fully attached foundations subject to combined vertical (V) and moment (M) loading have been used to calculate appropriate scaling points for deduction of the failure envelope and plastic potential. Failure envelopes and plastic potentials are presented for footings on uniform and non-uniform undrained material and it is seen that the equivalent ‘critical state’ or ‘parallel point’ lies slightly beneath the peak moment capacity. For accurate prediction of failure envelopes for footings on non-uniform strength soil, consideration must be made of the apparent reduction of the soil heterogeneity as the area of footing in contact with the soil decreases.
|Number of pages||18|
|Journal||International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
- Bearing capacity
- Plastic potential