Feature selection study of P300 speller using support vector machine

Hongzhi Qi, Minpeng Xu, Wen Li, Ding Yuan, Weixi Zhu, Xingwei An, Dong Ming, Baikun Wan, Weijie Wang

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingOther chapter contribution

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    P300 speller is a traditional brain computer interface paradigm and focused by lots of current BCI researches. In this paper a support vector machine based recursive feature elimination method was adapted to select the optimal channels for character recognition. The margin distance between target and nontarget stimulus in feature space was evaluated by training SVM classifier and then the features from single channel were eliminated one by one, eventually, channel set provided best recognition performance was left as the optimal set. The results showed that using optimal channel set would achieve a higher recognition correct ratio compared with no channel eliminating. Furthermore the optimal features localized on parietal and occipital areas, on which not only P300 components but VEP components also present a high amplitude waveform. It may suggest that row/column intensification in speller matrix arouses a visual evoked potential and contributes a lot to character identification as well as P300.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publication2010 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics, ROBIO 2010
    Place of PublicationPiscataway
    PublisherIEEE Computer Society
    Pages1331-1334
    Number of pages4
    ISBN (Electronic)9781424493173
    ISBN (Print)9781424493180, 9781424493197
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

      Fingerprint

    Keywords

    • Character identification
    • Feature selection
    • Feature space
    • High amplitudes
    • Matrix
    • Optimal channels
    • Optimal sets
    • Recognition performance
    • Recursive feature elimination
    • Single channels
    • Support vector machines
    • SVM classifiers
    • Visual evoked potential
    • Wave forms

    Cite this

    Qi, H., Xu, M., Li, W., Yuan, D., Zhu, W., An, X., Ming, D., Wan, B., & Wang, W. (2010). Feature selection study of P300 speller using support vector machine. In 2010 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Biomimetics, ROBIO 2010 (pp. 1331-1334). IEEE Computer Society. https://doi.org/10.1109/ROBIO.2010.5723522