Feedback in surgical education

Michael El Boghdady (Lead / Corresponding author), Afshin Alijani

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    30 Citations (Scopus)
    522 Downloads (Pure)


    Introduction: The positive effect of feedback has long been recognized in surgical education. Surgical educators convey feedback to improve the performance of the surgical trainees. We aimed to review the scientific classification and application of feedback in surgical education, and to propose possible future directions for research.

    Methods: A literature search was performed using Pubmed, OVID, CINAHL, Web of science, EMBASE, ERIC database and Google Scholar. The following search terms were used: 'feedback', 'feedback in medical education', 'feedback in medical training' and 'feedback in surgery'. The search was limited to articles in English.

    Results: From 1157 citations, 12 books and 43 articles met the inclusion criteria and were selected for this review.

    Conclusion: Feedback comes in a variety of types and is an essential tool for learning and developing performance in surgical education. Different methods of feedback application are evolving and future work needs to concentrate on the value of each method as well as the role of new technologies in surgical education.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)98-103
    Number of pages6
    JournalSurgeon: Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland
    Issue number2
    Early online date15 Jul 2016
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


    • Feedback
    • Surgical education
    • Training
    • Surgery


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