Fibre reinforcement of two temporary composite bridge materials-Effect upon flexural properties

E. Q. H. Al Twal, R. G. Chadwick

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)


    Objectives: Temporary bridges must survive for their anticipated time in clinical service. Fibre reinforcement offers a potential means of increasing the chances of achieving this. This study sought to investigate this.

    Methods: This in vitro study determined the three point flexural strength and flexural fatigue characteristics of beam specimens (25 mm long x 3 mm wide x 2 mm deep) of a chairside temporary crown and bridge material (Protemp 4, 3M ESPE) and a laboratory resin composite (Ceramage, Shofu Inc.) in unreinforced and reinforced states. Reinforcement was provided by Everstick Crown and Bridge (Stick Tech Ltd.) and Ribbond THM (Ribbond Inc.). All testing was performed using an Instron Universal testing machine following one week of storage in distilled water at 37 degrees C.

    Results: Fibre reinforcement with Everstick C&B significantly (P < 0.001) increased the mean flexural strengths of both materials. The flexural fatigue limits of both Protemp 4 and Ceramage were significantly (P < 0.001) increased by fibre incorporation.

    Conclusions: The observed fibre resin coupling (where Everstick C&B was used) and knitting together of fractured specimen fragments to restore specimen function (specimens where Ribbond THM was used) demonstrated the potential to enhance the durability of temporary bridges made of the materials studied here.

    Clinical significance: The incorporation of fibre reinforcement in temporary bridge materials has the potential to enhance the longevity of temporary bridges and thus reduce the need for emergency treatment. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1044-1051
    Number of pages8
    JournalJournal of Dentistry
    Issue number12
    Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012


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