Fine root dynamics across pantropical rainforest ecosystems

Walter Huaraca Huasco (Lead / Corresponding author), Terhi Riutta, Cécile A. J. Girardin, Fernando Hancco Pacha, Beisit L. Puma Vilca, Sam Moore, Sami W. Rifai, Jhon Del Aguila Pasquel, Alejandro Araujo Murakami, Renata Freitag, Alexandra C. Morel, Sheleme Demissie, Christopher E. Doughty, Imma Oliveras, Darcy F. Galiano Cabrera, Liliana Durand Baca, Filio Farfán Amézquita, Javier E. Silva Espejo, Antonio C. L. da Costa, Erick Oblitas MendozaCarlos Alberto Quesada, Fidele Evouna Ondo, Josué Edzang Ndong, Kathryn L. Jeffery, Vianet Mihindou, Lee J. T. White, Natacha N'ssi Bengone, Forzia Ibrahim, Shalom D. Addo-Danso, Akwasi Duah-Gyamfi, Gloria Djaney Djagbletey, Kennedy Owusu-Afriyie, Lucy Amissah, Armel T. Mbou, Toby R. Marthews, Daniel B. Metcalfe, Luiz E. O. Aragão, Ben H. Marimon-Junior, Beatriz S. Marimon, Noreen Majalap, Stephen Adu-Bredu, Katharine A. Abernethy, Miles Silman, Robert M. Ewers, Patrick Meir, Yadvinder Malhi

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Abstract

Fine roots constitute a significant component of the net primary productivity (NPP) of forest ecosystems but are much less studied than above-ground NPP. Comparisons across sites and regions are also hampered by inconsistent methodologies, especially in tropical areas. Here, we present a novel dataset of fine root biomass, productivity, residence time, and allocation in tropical old-growth rainforest sites worldwide, measured using consistent methods, and examine how these variables are related to consistently determined soil and climatic characteristics. Our pantropical dataset spans intensive monitoring plots in lowland (wet, semi-deciduous, deciduous) and montane tropical forests in South America, Africa, and Southeast Asia (n=47). Large spatial variation in fine root dynamics was observed across montane and lowland forest types. In lowland forests, we found a strong positive linear relationship between fine root productivity and sand content, this relationship was even stronger when we considered the fractional allocation of total NPP to fine roots, demonstrating that understanding allocation adds explanatory power to understanding fine root productivity and total NPP. Fine root residence time was a function of multiple factors: soil sand content, soil pH, and maximum water deficit, with longest residence times in acidic, sandy, and water-stressed soils. In tropical montane forests, on the other hand, a different set of relationships prevailed, highlighting the very different nature of montane and lowland forest biomes. Root productivity was a strong positive linear function of mean annual temperature, root residence time was a strong positive function of soil nitrogen content in montane forests, and lastly decreasing soil P content increased allocation of productivity to fine roots. In contrast to the lowlands, environmental conditions were a better predictor for fine root productivity than for fractional allocation of total NPP to fine roots, suggesting that root productivity is a particularly strong driver of NPP allocation in tropical mountain regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3657-3680
Number of pages24
JournalGlobal Change Biology
Volume27
Issue number15
Early online date12 May 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • allocation
  • biomass
  • fine roots
  • productivity
  • residence time
  • soil
  • turnover

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