Fingerprinting of bed sediment in the Tay Estuary, Scotland: an environmental magnetism approach

P. A. Jenkins, R. W. Duck, J. S. Rowan, J. Walden

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    27 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Sediment fingerprinting is commonly used for sediment provenance studies in lakes, rivers and reservoirs and on hillslopes and floodplains. This investigation explores the mixing of terrestrial and marine-derived sediment in the Tay Estuary, Scotland, using mineral magnetic attributes for fingerprinting. Samples representative of the estuary sediments and of four sources (end-members) were subjected to a suite of magnetic susceptibility and remanence measurements. Sediment samples from the beds of the Rivers Tay and Earn represented fluvial inputs while samples from the Angus and Fife coasts represented marine input. Multivariate discriminant and factor analysis showed that the sources could be separated on the basis of six magnetic parameters in a simple multivariate unmixing model to identify source contributions to estuarine bed sediments. Multi-domain magnetite signatures, characteristic of unweathered bedrock, dominate the magnetic measurements. Overall contributions of 3% from the River Earn, 17% from the River Tay, 29% from the Angus coast and 51% from the Fife coast source end-members, demonstrated the present-day regime of marine sediment derivation in the Tay Estuary. However, this conceals considerable spatial variability both along-estuary and in terms of sub-environments, with small-scale variations in sediment provenance reflecting local morphology, particularly areas of channel convergence.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1007-1016
    Number of pages10
    JournalHydrology and Earth System Sciences
    Volume6
    Issue number6
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

    Fingerprint

    estuary
    sediment
    river
    provenance
    coast
    magnetic mineral
    magnetic susceptibility
    magnetism
    discriminant analysis
    hillslope
    factor analysis
    marine sediment
    floodplain
    magnetite
    bedrock
    lake

    Cite this

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    title = "Fingerprinting of bed sediment in the Tay Estuary, Scotland: an environmental magnetism approach",
    abstract = "Sediment fingerprinting is commonly used for sediment provenance studies in lakes, rivers and reservoirs and on hillslopes and floodplains. This investigation explores the mixing of terrestrial and marine-derived sediment in the Tay Estuary, Scotland, using mineral magnetic attributes for fingerprinting. Samples representative of the estuary sediments and of four sources (end-members) were subjected to a suite of magnetic susceptibility and remanence measurements. Sediment samples from the beds of the Rivers Tay and Earn represented fluvial inputs while samples from the Angus and Fife coasts represented marine input. Multivariate discriminant and factor analysis showed that the sources could be separated on the basis of six magnetic parameters in a simple multivariate unmixing model to identify source contributions to estuarine bed sediments. Multi-domain magnetite signatures, characteristic of unweathered bedrock, dominate the magnetic measurements. Overall contributions of 3{\%} from the River Earn, 17{\%} from the River Tay, 29{\%} from the Angus coast and 51{\%} from the Fife coast source end-members, demonstrated the present-day regime of marine sediment derivation in the Tay Estuary. However, this conceals considerable spatial variability both along-estuary and in terms of sub-environments, with small-scale variations in sediment provenance reflecting local morphology, particularly areas of channel convergence.",
    author = "Jenkins, {P. A.} and Duck, {R. W.} and Rowan, {J. S.} and J. Walden",
    year = "2002",
    doi = "10.5194/hess-6-1007-2002",
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    Fingerprinting of bed sediment in the Tay Estuary, Scotland : an environmental magnetism approach. / Jenkins, P. A.; Duck, R. W.; Rowan, J. S.; Walden, J.

    In: Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 6, 2002, p. 1007-1016.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - Sediment fingerprinting is commonly used for sediment provenance studies in lakes, rivers and reservoirs and on hillslopes and floodplains. This investigation explores the mixing of terrestrial and marine-derived sediment in the Tay Estuary, Scotland, using mineral magnetic attributes for fingerprinting. Samples representative of the estuary sediments and of four sources (end-members) were subjected to a suite of magnetic susceptibility and remanence measurements. Sediment samples from the beds of the Rivers Tay and Earn represented fluvial inputs while samples from the Angus and Fife coasts represented marine input. Multivariate discriminant and factor analysis showed that the sources could be separated on the basis of six magnetic parameters in a simple multivariate unmixing model to identify source contributions to estuarine bed sediments. Multi-domain magnetite signatures, characteristic of unweathered bedrock, dominate the magnetic measurements. Overall contributions of 3% from the River Earn, 17% from the River Tay, 29% from the Angus coast and 51% from the Fife coast source end-members, demonstrated the present-day regime of marine sediment derivation in the Tay Estuary. However, this conceals considerable spatial variability both along-estuary and in terms of sub-environments, with small-scale variations in sediment provenance reflecting local morphology, particularly areas of channel convergence.

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