Flood risk management in sponge cities

The role of integrated simulation and 3D visualization

Chen Wang (Lead / Corresponding author), Jingming Hou (Lead / Corresponding author), David Miller, Iain Brown, Yang Jiang

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The Sponge City concept has been promoted as a major programme of work to address increasing flood risk in urban areas, in combination with wider benefits for water resources and urban renewal. However, realization of the concept requires collaborative engagement with a wide range of professionals and with affected communities. Visualization can play an important role in this process. In this research, a sponge city flood simulation and forecasting system has been built which combines hydrological data, topographic data, GIS data and hydrodynamic models in real-time and interactive display in a three-dimensional environment. Actual and design flood events in a pilot sponge city have been simulated. The validation results show that the simulated urban water accumulation process is consistent with the actual monitoring data. Use of advanced virtual reality technology can enable simulations to be placed in the wider design context including enhanced awareness of multiple functions of urban ecosystems. This procedure can therefore reduce the information communication gap and encourage innovation regarding low impact development required for sponge city construction.

    Original languageEnglish
    JournalInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
    Volume39
    Early online date3 Apr 2019
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2019

    Fingerprint

    Risk management
    sponge
    risk management
    visualization
    natural disaster
    Visualization
    simulation
    Water resources
    design flood
    virtual reality
    urban ecosystem
    water
    Ecosystems
    Geographic information systems
    Virtual reality
    urban renewal
    Hydrodynamics
    Innovation
    Display devices
    Geographical Information System

    Keywords

    • 3D visualization
    • Flood risk management
    • GIS
    • Low impact development
    • Sponge city

    Cite this

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    abstract = "The Sponge City concept has been promoted as a major programme of work to address increasing flood risk in urban areas, in combination with wider benefits for water resources and urban renewal. However, realization of the concept requires collaborative engagement with a wide range of professionals and with affected communities. Visualization can play an important role in this process. In this research, a sponge city flood simulation and forecasting system has been built which combines hydrological data, topographic data, GIS data and hydrodynamic models in real-time and interactive display in a three-dimensional environment. Actual and design flood events in a pilot sponge city have been simulated. The validation results show that the simulated urban water accumulation process is consistent with the actual monitoring data. Use of advanced virtual reality technology can enable simulations to be placed in the wider design context including enhanced awareness of multiple functions of urban ecosystems. This procedure can therefore reduce the information communication gap and encourage innovation regarding low impact development required for sponge city construction.",
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    Flood risk management in sponge cities : The role of integrated simulation and 3D visualization. / Wang, Chen (Lead / Corresponding author); Hou, Jingming (Lead / Corresponding author); Miller, David; Brown, Iain; Jiang, Yang.

    In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, Vol. 39, 01.10.2019.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

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    T2 - The role of integrated simulation and 3D visualization

    AU - Wang, Chen

    AU - Hou, Jingming

    AU - Miller, David

    AU - Brown, Iain

    AU - Jiang, Yang

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    AB - The Sponge City concept has been promoted as a major programme of work to address increasing flood risk in urban areas, in combination with wider benefits for water resources and urban renewal. However, realization of the concept requires collaborative engagement with a wide range of professionals and with affected communities. Visualization can play an important role in this process. In this research, a sponge city flood simulation and forecasting system has been built which combines hydrological data, topographic data, GIS data and hydrodynamic models in real-time and interactive display in a three-dimensional environment. Actual and design flood events in a pilot sponge city have been simulated. The validation results show that the simulated urban water accumulation process is consistent with the actual monitoring data. Use of advanced virtual reality technology can enable simulations to be placed in the wider design context including enhanced awareness of multiple functions of urban ecosystems. This procedure can therefore reduce the information communication gap and encourage innovation regarding low impact development required for sponge city construction.

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