Flow-induced vibration of a cantilevered cylinder in oscillatory flow at high KC

Otto E. Neshamar (Lead / Corresponding author), Dominic A. van der A, Tom O'Donoghue

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Flow-induced vibrations of a cantilevered circular cylinder are measured in sinusoidal, oscillatory, water flows with amplitude of reduced velocity in the range 1.9≤Ur≤4.4 and Keulegan–Carpenter number in the range 120≤KC≤900 respectively. Flow velocities are measured using laser Doppler anemometry, and forces and moments are measured using a 6-axis load cell; the two-degree-of-freedom (2-DOF) cylinder motions are determined from the measured moments. The dominant type of vibration occurring within the flow half-period is shown to depend mainly on Ur, with predominantly in-line vibration occurring for Ur⪅2.7, figure-8 vibration occurring for 2.7⪅Ur⪅4, and transverse vibration occurring for Ur⪆4. In-line vibration frequency, fx, is close to, or slightly higher than the cylinder's natural frequency in still-water, while transverse vibration frequency, fy, is generally close to the vortex shedding frequency given by Strouhal number St=0.2. Some unsteadiness is seen in the transverse vibration frequency in that accelerating flow fy is consistently higher than decelerating flow fy for the same instantaneous reduced velocity ur. The most notable unsteady effect is seen in the in-line vibration amplitude, Ax, which is much higher during flow deceleration than during flow acceleration; maximum Ax occurs at decelerating ur≈2 for all three vibration types. Transverse vibration amplitude, Ay, increases with increasing ur and shows only slight asymmetry between accelerating and decelerating flow. Experiments with the cylinder placed within a large array of similar cylinders with a spacing between cylinders of six cylinder diameters, show that cylinder vibrations within the array are more variable than those of the isolated cylinder, but exhibit similar average vibration amplitudes and frequencies as the isolated cylinder. An empirical model for unsteady in-line vibration based on theoretical considerations and the experimental data is presented. Model-predicted and measured in-line vibration amplitudes through the flow half-period show good agreement for in-line, figure-8 and transverse vibrations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103476
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Fluids and Structures
Early online date10 Jan 2022
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


  • Cantilevered cylinder
  • Flow-induced vibration
  • Fluid forces
  • Oscillatory flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Flow-induced vibration of a cantilevered cylinder in oscillatory flow at high KC'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this