Four Fatalities Involving 5-IT

L. Nitin Seetohul, Derrick J. Pounder (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    Abstract

    The new designer drug 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole (5-IT) is an indole derivative with stimulant properties. Its synthesis was first described by Albert Hofmann and Franz Troxler in 1962. We report four deaths associated with 5-IT and a validated high-performance liquid chromatography method for quantitation of the drug. In all four deaths, an autopsy was performed, and femoral venous blood, heart blood, urine and vitreous humor were submitted for toxicological analysis. The blood specimens were subjected to comprehensive testing that included alcohol analysis by headspace gas chromatography (GC-FID), acidic/neutral, basic drug and opiates screening by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS), and acidic/neutral, basic and acidic drugs screening by HPLC. In Case 1, a 25-year-old male, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; 10 mg/L) were detected, and death was attributed to the toxic effects of 5-IT. In Case 2, a 25-year-old female, 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone (methylone, not quantitated), 6-(2-aminopropyl)benzofuran (6-APB; femoral blood 10 mg/L) were detected, and death was attributed to the toxic 'cocktail effects' of the drugs. In Case 3, a 22-year-old male with a history of epilepsy, 5-IT (0.5 mg/L femoral blood) and 6-APB (0.2 mg/L femoral blood) were detected, and death was attributed to the toxic effects of the drugs, with the role of epilepsy being indeterminate. In Case 4, a 25-year-old female, 5-IT (0.4 mg/L femoral blood), amphetamine (0.4 mg/L femoral blood), MDMA (1.5 mg/L femoral blood), 4-methyl-N-ethylcathione, 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine HCl (MDA), benzylpiperazine and 6-APB were detected, and death was attributed to the 'cocktail effect' of the drugs.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)447-451
    Number of pages5
    JournalJournal of Analytical Toxicology
    Volume37
    Issue number7
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

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    Blood
    Thigh
    blood
    drug
    N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine
    Poisons
    Pharmaceutical Preparations
    Preclinical Drug Evaluations
    liquid chromatography
    Opiate Alkaloids
    Epilepsy
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    Designer Drugs
    High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
    Vitreous Body
    Liquid chromatography
    High performance liquid chromatography
    Amphetamine
    Liquid Chromatography
    Gas chromatography

    Cite this

    Seetohul, L. Nitin ; Pounder, Derrick J. / Four Fatalities Involving 5-IT. In: Journal of Analytical Toxicology. 2013 ; Vol. 37, No. 7. pp. 447-451.
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    abstract = "The new designer drug 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole (5-IT) is an indole derivative with stimulant properties. Its synthesis was first described by Albert Hofmann and Franz Troxler in 1962. We report four deaths associated with 5-IT and a validated high-performance liquid chromatography method for quantitation of the drug. In all four deaths, an autopsy was performed, and femoral venous blood, heart blood, urine and vitreous humor were submitted for toxicological analysis. The blood specimens were subjected to comprehensive testing that included alcohol analysis by headspace gas chromatography (GC-FID), acidic/neutral, basic drug and opiates screening by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS), and acidic/neutral, basic and acidic drugs screening by HPLC. In Case 1, a 25-year-old male, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; 10 mg/L) were detected, and death was attributed to the toxic effects of 5-IT. In Case 2, a 25-year-old female, 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone (methylone, not quantitated), 6-(2-aminopropyl)benzofuran (6-APB; femoral blood 10 mg/L) were detected, and death was attributed to the toxic 'cocktail effects' of the drugs. In Case 3, a 22-year-old male with a history of epilepsy, 5-IT (0.5 mg/L femoral blood) and 6-APB (0.2 mg/L femoral blood) were detected, and death was attributed to the toxic effects of the drugs, with the role of epilepsy being indeterminate. In Case 4, a 25-year-old female, 5-IT (0.4 mg/L femoral blood), amphetamine (0.4 mg/L femoral blood), MDMA (1.5 mg/L femoral blood), 4-methyl-N-ethylcathione, 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine HCl (MDA), benzylpiperazine and 6-APB were detected, and death was attributed to the 'cocktail effect' of the drugs.",
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    Seetohul, LN & Pounder, DJ 2013, 'Four Fatalities Involving 5-IT', Journal of Analytical Toxicology, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 447-451. https://doi.org/10.1093/jat/bkt053

    Four Fatalities Involving 5-IT. / Seetohul, L. Nitin; Pounder, Derrick J. (Lead / Corresponding author).

    In: Journal of Analytical Toxicology, Vol. 37, No. 7, 09.2013, p. 447-451.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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    AB - The new designer drug 5-(2-aminopropyl)indole (5-IT) is an indole derivative with stimulant properties. Its synthesis was first described by Albert Hofmann and Franz Troxler in 1962. We report four deaths associated with 5-IT and a validated high-performance liquid chromatography method for quantitation of the drug. In all four deaths, an autopsy was performed, and femoral venous blood, heart blood, urine and vitreous humor were submitted for toxicological analysis. The blood specimens were subjected to comprehensive testing that included alcohol analysis by headspace gas chromatography (GC-FID), acidic/neutral, basic drug and opiates screening by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS), and acidic/neutral, basic and acidic drugs screening by HPLC. In Case 1, a 25-year-old male, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; 10 mg/L) were detected, and death was attributed to the toxic effects of 5-IT. In Case 2, a 25-year-old female, 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylcathinone (methylone, not quantitated), 6-(2-aminopropyl)benzofuran (6-APB; femoral blood 10 mg/L) were detected, and death was attributed to the toxic 'cocktail effects' of the drugs. In Case 3, a 22-year-old male with a history of epilepsy, 5-IT (0.5 mg/L femoral blood) and 6-APB (0.2 mg/L femoral blood) were detected, and death was attributed to the toxic effects of the drugs, with the role of epilepsy being indeterminate. In Case 4, a 25-year-old female, 5-IT (0.4 mg/L femoral blood), amphetamine (0.4 mg/L femoral blood), MDMA (1.5 mg/L femoral blood), 4-methyl-N-ethylcathione, 3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine HCl (MDA), benzylpiperazine and 6-APB were detected, and death was attributed to the 'cocktail effect' of the drugs.

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