Frequency and predictability effects in the Dundee Corpus: an eye movement analysis

Alan Kennedy, Joël Pynte, Wayne S. Murray, Shirley-Anne Paul

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    63 Citations (Scopus)


    Analyses carried out on a large corpus of eye movement data were used to comment on four contentious theoretical issues. The results provide no evidence that word frequency and word predictability have early interactive effects on inspection time. Contrary to some earlier studies, in these data there is little evidence that properties of a prior word generally spill over and influence current processing. In contrast, there is evidence that both the frequency and the predictability of a word in parafoveal vision influence foveal processing. In the case of predictability, the direction of the effect suggests that more predictable parafoveal words produce longer foveal fixations. Finally, there is evidence that information about word class modulates processing over a span greater than a single word. The results support the notion of distributed parallel processing.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)601-618
    Number of pages18
    JournalQuarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2012


    • Eye movements
    • Fixation duration
    • Gaze
    • Reading
    • Corpus studies


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