From Natures Prototypes to Natural Prototyping

Fraser Bruce, Seaton Baxter

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

    Abstract

    Most educational courses in Product Design and Engineering feature the practice of prototyping. However, for an artefact, process or event to be defined as a prototype it needs to fulfill two conditions: 1) It should be the first model of its type, and 2) It should give rise to many copies of itself. All around us there are many examples of the offspring of successful prototypes both created by mankind’s ingenuity and by the evolutionary processes of nature. This paper is concerned primarily with these evolutionary processes and their possible simulation by designers and engineers. However, we begin by briefly reviewing the main aspects and practices of conventional prototyping before comparing this with the way in which living systems continually prototype through evolutionary means and this we call biological prototyping. Here we briefly discuss the concept of evolution in nature and also where it is used to express progress in technological systems. The link between conventional and biological prototyping is conceived through developments in biomimicry and the philosophically aligned concept of biophilia. This combination we refer to as Natural Prototyping and we then enumerate ten (10) characteristics of natural prototyping. We conclude with some suggestions on how natural prototyping could be incorporated into the curriculum for engineering and product design education.
    This European wide research conference and its association with the Design Society and the Institution of Engineering Designers is an important means for widely distributing the results of this research. This research paper is currently being revised, updated and prepared for The International Journal of Art and Design Education.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationGreat Expectations: Design Teaching, Research & Enterprise
    Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 17th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education 
    EditorsGuy Bingham, Darren Southee, John McCardle, Ahmed Kovacevic, Erik Bohemia, Brian Parkinson
    Pages272-277
    Number of pages6
    Publication statusPublished - 3 Sep 2015
    Event17th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education - Design School, Loughborough Univesity, Loughborough, Leicestershire, United Kingdom
    Duration: 3 Sep 20154 Sep 2015

    Conference

    Conference17th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education
    CountryUnited Kingdom
    CityLoughborough, Leicestershire
    Period3/09/154/09/15

    Fingerprint

    Product design
    Education
    Curricula
    Engineers

    Keywords

    • Prototyping
    • nature
    • evolution
    • biomimicry
    • biophilia
    • living machines
    • Goethe

    Cite this

    Bruce, F., & Baxter, S. (2015). From Natures Prototypes to Natural Prototyping. In G. Bingham, D. Southee, J. McCardle, A. Kovacevic, E. Bohemia, & B. Parkinson (Eds.), Great Expectations: Design Teaching, Research & Enterprise: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education  (pp. 272-277)
    Bruce, Fraser ; Baxter, Seaton. / From Natures Prototypes to Natural Prototyping. Great Expectations: Design Teaching, Research & Enterprise: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education . editor / Guy Bingham ; Darren Southee ; John McCardle ; Ahmed Kovacevic ; Erik Bohemia ; Brian Parkinson. 2015. pp. 272-277
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    Bruce, F & Baxter, S 2015, From Natures Prototypes to Natural Prototyping. in G Bingham, D Southee, J McCardle, A Kovacevic, E Bohemia & B Parkinson (eds), Great Expectations: Design Teaching, Research & Enterprise: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education . pp. 272-277, 17th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education, Loughborough, Leicestershire, United Kingdom, 3/09/15.

    From Natures Prototypes to Natural Prototyping. / Bruce, Fraser; Baxter, Seaton.

    Great Expectations: Design Teaching, Research & Enterprise: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education . ed. / Guy Bingham; Darren Southee; John McCardle; Ahmed Kovacevic; Erik Bohemia; Brian Parkinson. 2015. p. 272-277.

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

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    T1 - From Natures Prototypes to Natural Prototyping

    AU - Bruce, Fraser

    AU - Baxter, Seaton

    PY - 2015/9/3

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    N2 - Most educational courses in Product Design and Engineering feature the practice of prototyping. However, for an artefact, process or event to be defined as a prototype it needs to fulfill two conditions: 1) It should be the first model of its type, and 2) It should give rise to many copies of itself. All around us there are many examples of the offspring of successful prototypes both created by mankind’s ingenuity and by the evolutionary processes of nature. This paper is concerned primarily with these evolutionary processes and their possible simulation by designers and engineers. However, we begin by briefly reviewing the main aspects and practices of conventional prototyping before comparing this with the way in which living systems continually prototype through evolutionary means and this we call biological prototyping. Here we briefly discuss the concept of evolution in nature and also where it is used to express progress in technological systems. The link between conventional and biological prototyping is conceived through developments in biomimicry and the philosophically aligned concept of biophilia. This combination we refer to as Natural Prototyping and we then enumerate ten (10) characteristics of natural prototyping. We conclude with some suggestions on how natural prototyping could be incorporated into the curriculum for engineering and product design education.This European wide research conference and its association with the Design Society and the Institution of Engineering Designers is an important means for widely distributing the results of this research. This research paper is currently being revised, updated and prepared for The International Journal of Art and Design Education.

    AB - Most educational courses in Product Design and Engineering feature the practice of prototyping. However, for an artefact, process or event to be defined as a prototype it needs to fulfill two conditions: 1) It should be the first model of its type, and 2) It should give rise to many copies of itself. All around us there are many examples of the offspring of successful prototypes both created by mankind’s ingenuity and by the evolutionary processes of nature. This paper is concerned primarily with these evolutionary processes and their possible simulation by designers and engineers. However, we begin by briefly reviewing the main aspects and practices of conventional prototyping before comparing this with the way in which living systems continually prototype through evolutionary means and this we call biological prototyping. Here we briefly discuss the concept of evolution in nature and also where it is used to express progress in technological systems. The link between conventional and biological prototyping is conceived through developments in biomimicry and the philosophically aligned concept of biophilia. This combination we refer to as Natural Prototyping and we then enumerate ten (10) characteristics of natural prototyping. We conclude with some suggestions on how natural prototyping could be incorporated into the curriculum for engineering and product design education.This European wide research conference and its association with the Design Society and the Institution of Engineering Designers is an important means for widely distributing the results of this research. This research paper is currently being revised, updated and prepared for The International Journal of Art and Design Education.

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    KW - nature

    KW - evolution

    KW - biomimicry

    KW - biophilia

    KW - living machines

    KW - Goethe

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    M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed)

    SN - 9781904670629

    SP - 272

    EP - 277

    BT - Great Expectations: Design Teaching, Research & Enterprise

    A2 - Bingham, Guy

    A2 - Southee, Darren

    A2 - McCardle, John

    A2 - Kovacevic, Ahmed

    A2 - Bohemia, Erik

    A2 - Parkinson, Brian

    ER -

    Bruce F, Baxter S. From Natures Prototypes to Natural Prototyping. In Bingham G, Southee D, McCardle J, Kovacevic A, Bohemia E, Parkinson B, editors, Great Expectations: Design Teaching, Research & Enterprise: Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education . 2015. p. 272-277