The TRIM (tripartite motif) family of proteins is characterized by the presence of the tripartite motif module, composed of a RING domain, one or two B-box domains and a coiled-coil region. TRIM proteins are involved in many cellular processes and represent the largest subfamily of RING-containing putative ubiquitin E3 ligases. Whereas their role as E3 ubiquitin ligases has been presumed, and in several cases established, little is known about their specific interactions with the ubiquitin-conjugating E2 enzymes or UBE2s. In the present paper, we report a thorough screening of interactions between the TRIM and UBE2 families. We found a general preference of the TRIM proteins for the D and E classes of UBE2 enzymes, but we also revealed very specific interactions between TRIM9 and UBE2G2, and TRIM32 and UBE2V1/2. Furthermore, we demonstrated that the TRIM E3 activity is only manifest with the UBE2 with which they interact. For most specific interactions, we could also observe subcellular co-localization of the TRIM involved and its cognate UBE2 enzyme, suggesting that the specific selection of TRIM-UBE2 pairs has physiological relevance. Our findings represent the basis for future studies on the specific reactions catalysed by the TRIM E3 ligases to determine the fate of their targets.
- RING domain
- tripartite motif protein (TRIM protein)
- ubiquitin-conjugating E2 enzyme
- ubiquitin E3 ligase
- RING FINGER PROTEINS
- DYSTROPHY TYPE 2H
- CONJUGATING ENZYMES