Fungi and Their Role in the Biosphere

Geoffrey Gadd (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

    35 Citations (Scopus)


    This article outlines the important biogeochemical roles that fungi play in the degradation, utilization, and transformation of organic and inorganic substrates. Fungal populations are intimately involved in biogeochemical transformations at local and global scales and such processes have major implications for other living organisms, notably plant productivity and human health. While most prior attention has focussed on carbon and nitrogen cycling, the involvement of fungi in almost all other elemental cycles is emphasized. Some of these fungal transformations have beneficial applications in environmental biotechnology, for example, in metal leaching, recovery and detoxification, and xenobiotic and organic pollutant degradation. They may also result in adverse effects when these processes are associated with the degradation of foodstuffs, natural products, and building materials.
    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Ecology
    EditorsSven Erik Jorgensen, Brian Fath
    Place of PublicationAmsterdam
    Number of pages9
    ISBN (Print)9780080454054
    Publication statusPublished - 2008


    • Biogeochemical cycles
    • Carbonates
    • Decomposition
    • Fungi
    • Lichens
    • Metalloids
    • Metals
    • Minerals
    • Mycorrhizas
    • Oxalates
    • Rocks


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