Further evidence that inhibitor-2 acts like a chaperone to fold PP1 into its native conformation

Carol MacKintosh, Andrew J. Garton, Annabel McDonnell, David Barford, Patricia T. W. Cohen, Nicholas K. Tonks, Philip Cohen

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    Abstract

    The gamma 1-isoform of protein phosphatase-1 expressed in Escherichia coli (PP1 gamma) and the native PP1 catalytic subunit (PP1C) isolated from skeletal muscle dephosphorplated Ser-14 of glycogen phosphorylase at comparable rates, In contrast, PP1 gamma dephosphorylated several tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins at similar rates to authentic protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases), but native PP1C was almost inactive towards these substrates. The phosphorylase phosphatase (PhP) and PTPase activities of PP1 gamma were inhibited by vanadate with IC50 values (30-100 mu M) comparable to authentic PTPases, whereas the PhP activity of native PP1C was insensitive to vanadate, PP1 gamma lost its PTPase activity, and its PhP activity became insensitive to vanadate, after interaction with inhibitor-2, followed by the reversible phosphorylation of inhibitor-2 at Thr-72, These findings support and extend the hypothesis that inhibitor-2 functions like a chaperone to fold PP1 into its native conformation, and suggest that the correct folding of PP1 may be critical to prevent the uncontrolled dephosphorylation of cellular phosphotyrosine residues.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)235-238
    Number of pages4
    JournalFEBS Letters
    Volume397
    Issue number2-3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1996

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