Elucidating the mechanisms whereby neuroendocrine tissues coordinate their input and output signals to ensure appropriate hormone secretion is currently a topical issue. In particular, whether a direct communication mediated by gap junctions between neurosecretory cells contributes to hormone release in vivo still remains unknown. Here we address this issue using a microsurgical approach allowing combined monitoring of adrenal catecholamine secretion and splanchnic nerve stimulation in anaesthetised mice. Pharmacological blockade of adrenal gap junctions by the uncoupling agent carbenoxolone reduces nerve stimulation-evoked catecholamine release in control mice and to a larger extent in stressed mice. In parallel, the gap junction-coupled cell network is extended in stressed mice. Altogether, this argues for a significant contribution of adrenomedullary gap junctions to catecholamine secretion in vivo. As such, gap junctional signalling appears to be a substantial component for neuroendocrine function in the adrenal medulla, as it may represent an additional lever regulating hormone release.