Gender Differences in Formal and Informal Volunteering in Germany

Sara Helms (Lead / Corresponding author), Tom McKenzie

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    21 Citations (Scopus)


    In this study, we examine the gender differences in formal and informal volunteering using data from a Time Use Survey in Germany. Our study finds strong evidence that women are more likely to volunteer formally if they also volunteer informally, suggesting that the decisions are complementary. However, for men the decisions to volunteer formally and informally are not significantly related. Moreover, we find that gender differences in labour force participation cannot explain our results.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)887-904
    Number of pages18
    Issue number4
    Early online date18 May 2013
    Publication statusPublished - Aug 2014


    • Formal volunteering
    • Gender
    • Germany
    • Informal volunteering
    • Voluntary activity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Geography, Planning and Development
    • Earth-Surface Processes


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