Gene expression in colorectal neoplasia: modifications induced by tissue ischaemic time and tissue handling protocol

Susan E. Bray, Fiona E. M. Paulin, Siew Chinn Fong, Lee Baker, Frank A. Carey, David A. Levison, Robert J. C. Steele, Neil M. Kernohan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    37 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Gene expression in colorectal neoplasia: modifications induced by tissue ischaemic time and tissue handling protocol

    Aims:

    The heterogeneity within individual distinct cancer types in terms of behaviour, response to therapy and prognosis is well recognized. A major goal of translational research projects has therefore been to define clinically significant subgroups of individual tumour types by analysis of mRNA as well as protein expression. An essential premise of such investigations is that expression of these key molecules is a true reflection of conditions present within the neoplastic cells in vivo. The aim was to investigate the effect of methods of tissue handling and storage on expression of mRNA.

    Methods and results:

    mRNA expression in 60 biopsy samples obtained from 10 patients with colorectal tumours was examined. The mRNA expression profile and the level of expression of specific mRNA species were significantly affected by the procedures used for collection and storage of tissue samples. Significant variation in the level of expression (both increased and decreased) of transcripts was detectable after 15 min, and by 120 min there was a fourfold increase in the number of genes with a more than twofold change in the level of expression.

    Conclusions:

    Reliable interpretation of results of gene expression at the mRNA level requires standardized protocols for tissue procurement.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)240-250
    Number of pages11
    JournalHistopathology
    Volume56
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

    Keywords

    • Colorectal cancer
    • Gene expression profiling
    • RNA integrity
    • RNA isolation
    • Tissue handling
    • Messenger-RNA stability
    • Colon cancer
    • CDNA microarrays
    • Profiles
    • Preservation
    • Degradation
    • Patterns
    • Frozen
    • Tumor
    • 5-FluorouracilACIL

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