Gastrointestinal fistulation has been widely reported as an adverse effect of nicorandil therapy in Europe. People who have underlying diverticular disease are most at risk of this side effect. In Western countries, diverticular disease is highly prevalent and can be clinically silent. This study aimed to identify diverticular disease genetic risk scores (GRSs) associated with early nicorandil stoppage, a surrogate marker for drug intolerance. A case-control study was carried out on 1,077 patients from the Genetics of Diabetes Audit and Research Tayside Scotland (GoDARTS) database. Cases were defined as having < 9 nicorandil prescriptions with no identifiable reason for stopping (n = 230). Controls had either ≥ 9 prescriptions, treatment continuation to death/study end or stoppage post-myocardial infarction. Two diverticular GRSs were created and used in logistic regression models. Isosorbide mononitrate was used as a control analysis. Patients with a raised diverticular GRS, based on 23 replicable loci, had increased risk of stopping nicorandil therapy early (univariate (odds ratio (OR) 2.26; P = 0.04], multivariate (OR 3.96; P = 0.01)). Similar trends were noted when using the full 42 variant diverticular score but statistical significance was not reached. The isosorbide control analysis did not reach statistical significance. Our analysis demonstrates a novel positive association between a raised diverticular GRS and early stoppage of nicorandil therapy.
- Diverticular disease
- Genetic risk score