Projects per year
To explore wild barley as a source of useful alleles for yield improvement in breeding, we have carried out a genome-wide association scan using the nested association mapping population HEB-25, which contains 25 diverse exotic barley genomes superimposed on an ∼70% genetic background of cultivated barley. A total of 1420 HEB-25 lines were trialled for nine yield-related grain traits for 2 years in Germany and Scotland, with varying N fertilizer application. The phenotypic data were related to genotype scores for 5398 gene-based single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers. A total of 96 quantitative trait locus (QTL) regions were identified across all measured traits, the majority of which co-localize with known major genes controlling flowering time (Ppd-H2, HvCEN, HvGI, VRN-H1, and VRN-H3) and spike morphology (VRS3, VRS1, VRS4, and INT-C) in barley. Fourteen QTL hotspots, with at least three traits coinciding, were also identified, several of which co-localize with barley orthologues of genes controlling grain dimensions in rice. Most of the allele effects are specific to geographical location and/or exotic parental genotype. This study shows the existence of beneficial alleles for yield-related traits in exotic barley germplasm and provides candidate alleles for future improvement of these traits by the breeder.
- Genome-wide association scans (GWAS)
- nested association mapping (NAM)
- quantitative trait locus hotspot (QTL hotspot)
- yield-related grain traits
BARLEY_NAM - Locating Exotic Genes that Control Agronomic Traits Under Stress in the Wild Barley Nested Association Mapping (NAM) Population HEB-25 (ERA CAP Joint with Martin Luther University, Halle, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, The Julius Kuhn Institute, Germany)
1/10/14 → 30/09/17