Genome-wide identification of novel intergenic enhancer-like elements: Implications in the regulation of transcription in Plasmodium falciparum

Suyog Ubhe, Mukul Rawat, Srikant Verma, Krishanpal Anamika, Krishanpal Karmodiya (Lead / Corresponding author)

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8 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background: The molecular mechanisms of transcriptional regulation are poorly understood in Plasmodium falciparum. In addition, most of the genes in Plasmodium falciparum are transcriptionally poised and only a handful of cis-regulatory elements are known to operate in transcriptional regulation. Here, we employed an epigenetic signature based approach to identify significance of previously uncharacterised intergenic regions enriched with histone modification marks leading to discovery of enhancer-like elements. Results: We found that enhancer-like elements are significantly enriched with H3K4me1, generate unique non-coding bi-directional RNAs and majority of them can function as cis-regulators. Furthermore, functional enhancer reporter assay demonstrates that the enhancer-like elements regulate transcription of target genes in Plasmodium falciparum. Our study also suggests that the Plasmodium genome segregates functionally related genes into discrete housekeeping and pathogenicity/virulence clusters, presumably for robust transcriptional control of virulence/pathogenicity genes. Conclusions: This report contributes to the understanding of parasite regulatory genomics by identification of enhancer-like elements, defining their epigenetic and transcriptional features and provides a resource of functional cis-regulatory elements that may give insights into the virulence/pathogenicity of Plasmodium falciparum.

Original languageEnglish
Article number656
Number of pages16
JournalBMC Genomics
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Aug 2017

Keywords

  • ChIP-sequencing and gene regulation
  • Enhancer identification
  • Histone modifications
  • Transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Genetics

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