Globalization and the urban poor in China

Yin Zhang, Guanghua Wan

    Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

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    Abstract

    This paper examines the distributional impact of globalization on the poor in urban China. Employing the kernel density estimation technique, we recovered from irregularly grouped household survey data the income distributions of 29 Chinese provinces for 1988–2001. Panels of the income shares of the poorest 20, 10 and 5 per cent of the urban residents were then compiled. In a fixed-effect model, two of the central conclusions of Dollar and Kraay (2002) – that ‘the incomes of the poor rise equi-proportionately with average income’ and that trade openness has little distributional effect on poverty – were revisited. Our results lend little support to either of the Dollar-Kraay conclusions, but instead indicate that average income growth is associated with worsening income distribution while globalization in general, and trade openness in particular, raises the income shares of the poor. It is also found that openness to trade and openness to FDI have differential distributional effects. The beneficial effect of trade was not restricted to the coastal provinces, but weakened significantly after 1992. These findings are robust to allowing for nonlinearity in the effect of globalization and to controlling for the influence of several other variables.
    Original languageEnglish
    PublisherUniversity of Dundee
    Publication statusPublished - 2006

    Publication series

    NameDundee Discussion Papers in Economics
    PublisherUniversity of Dundee
    No.196
    ISSN (Print)1473-236X

    Keywords

    • Globalization
    • Poverty
    • China

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  • Cite this

    Zhang, Y., & Wan, G. (2006). Globalization and the urban poor in China. (Dundee Discussion Papers in Economics; No. 196). University of Dundee.