Glutathione S-transferase isoenzymes in human bronchoalveolar lavage: a possible early marker for the detection of lung cancer

A F Howie, D Bell, P C Hayes, J D Hayes, G J Beckett

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    Abstract

    The levels of glutathione S-transferase (GST) isoenzymes, GST pi, B1, B2 and mu were measured, by radioimmunoassay, in human bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from a series of patients presenting with neoplastic (n = 12) and non-neoplastic lung diseases (n = 10). Lavage fluid was obtained from the suspected abnormal area of lung and a presumed normal area of lung at the time of bronchoscopy. Concentrations of GST B1 and GST B2 were found to be significantly raised (P less than 0.02) in the lavage fluid obtained from the suspected abnormal areas of lung compared with the presumed normal area of lung, in patients later diagnosed as having cancer of the bronchus. The findings of the radioimmunoassay, of greater levels of GST B1 and B2 than GST pi in lavage fluid, were confirmed by a one-step purification of GST from lung lavage, using affinity chromatography, followed by their identification using SDS-polyacrylamide gel. We conclude that measurement of GST B1 or GST B2 in lung lavage fluid could be a useful aid in the diagnosis of lung malignancy.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)295-300
    Number of pages6
    JournalCarcinogenesis
    Volume11
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Feb 1990

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    Keywords

    • Adult
    • Aged
    • Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis
    • Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/enzymology
    • Female
    • Glutathione Transferase/analysis
    • Humans
    • Isoenzymes/analysis
    • Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis
    • Male
    • Middle Aged

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