Granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor-activated eosinophils promote interleukin-23 driven chronic colitis

Thibault Griseri, Isabelle C. Arnold, Claire Pearson, Thomas Krausgruber, Chris Schiering, Fanny Franchini, Julie Schulthess, Brent S. McKenzie, Paul R. Crocker, Fiona Powrie (Lead / Corresponding author)

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80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The role of intestinal eosinophils in immune homeostasis is enigmatic and the molecular signals that drive them from protective to tissue damaging are unknown. Most commonly associated with Th2 cell-mediated diseases, we describe a role for eosinophils as crucial effectors of the interleukin-23 (IL-23)-granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) axis in colitis. Chronic intestinal inflammation was characterized by increased bone marrow eosinopoiesis and accumulation of activated intestinal eosinophils. IL-5 blockade or eosinophil depletion ameliorated colitis, implicating eosinophils in disease pathogenesis. GM-CSF was a potent activator of eosinophil effector functions and intestinal accumulation, and GM-CSF blockade inhibited chronic colitis. By contrast neutrophil accumulation was GM-CSF independent and dispensable for colitis. In addition to TNF secretion, release of eosinophil peroxidase promoted colitis identifying direct tissue-toxic mechanisms. Thus, eosinophils are key perpetrators of chronic inflammation and tissue damage in IL-23-mediated immune diseases and it suggests the GM-CSF-eosinophil axis as an attractive therapeutic target.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-200
Number of pages14
JournalImmunity
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jul 2015

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    Griseri, T., Arnold, I. C., Pearson, C., Krausgruber, T., Schiering, C., Franchini, F., Schulthess, J., McKenzie, B. S., Crocker, P. R., & Powrie, F. (2015). Granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor-activated eosinophils promote interleukin-23 driven chronic colitis. Immunity, 43(1), 187-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.immuni.2015.07.008