Green innovation and environmental performance: The role of green transformational leadership and green human resource management

Sanjay Kumar Singh (Lead / Corresponding author), Manlio Del Giudice, Roberto Chierici, Domenico Graziano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

931 Citations (Scopus)


Drawing upon the resource-based view and the ability-motivation-opportunity theory, we examined how green human resource management interplays on to the linkages amongst green transformational leadership, green innovation and environmental performance. Using a survey questionnaire, we collected triadic data from 309 manufacturing sector small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). We used covariance-based structural equation modeling (SEM) to examine hypotheses in this study. Results of the study suggest that green HRM practices mediates the influence of green transformational leadership on green innovation. We also found that green HRM indirectly through green innovation influences firm's environmental performance. Overall, the findings of our study support all hypotheses of direct and indirect effects and have several theoretical and practical implications. Finally, our study significantly advances theory and suggests that HRM-performance relationship neither depends upon the additive effect of green transformational leadership and green innovation as antecedent and mediator, respectively, nor on their interactive effect but a mix of both combinational forms (ie., additive and interactive) to affect firm environmental performance. Overall, our study contributes and advances the previous studies wherein in leadership plays critical role to influence the HRM practices and that in turn to predict green innovation in the organization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119762
JournalTechnological Forecasting and Social Change
Early online date1 Nov 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


  • Environmental performance
  • Green human resource management
  • Green innovation
  • Green transformational leadership
  • SEM approach
  • SMEs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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