Harmful cleats of football boots

a biomechanical evaluation

J. A. Bentley, A. K. Ramanathan, G. P. Arnold, W. Wang, R. J. Abboud

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    20 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Background
    Football players wear boots of varying cleat designs with some preferring the bladed cleats while others opting for the conventional studded cleats. The current study compares biomechanically the boots with differing cleat designs and their effect on feet, if any.
    Methods
    Twenty-nine healthy male volunteers were recruited from amateur football teams. They were asked to perform three trials each of two activities: a straight run and a run cutting at a 60° angle wearing bladed and studded Adidas®-F series boots on artificial turf. Plantar pressure values were recorded using the Pedar®-X in-shoe pressure measuring device. Peak pressure and pressure-time integral were analysed over 11 clinically relevant areas under the foot.
    Results
    While the in-shoe pressure and pressure-time integral were higher under the medial half of the foot with studded boots, they were higher under the lateral half of the foot with the bladed design.
    Conclusions
    The studded boots can be considered safer as the pressure distribution across the foot and the pattern of centre of pressure progression mimicked the normal motif, whereas the bladed boots could potentially be deemed relatively more harmful due to the unnatural increased loading under the lateral half of the foot, predisposing the foot to injuries.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)140-144
    JournalFoot and Ankle Surgery
    Volume17
    Issue number3
    Early online date13 May 2010
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011

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    Football
    Pressure
    Foot
    Shoes
    Foot Injuries
    Healthy Volunteers
    Equipment and Supplies

    Keywords

    • Football boots
    • Plantar pressure
    • Cleat design
    • Biomechanics
    • Pedar (R)-X

    Cite this

    Bentley, J. A., Ramanathan, A. K., Arnold, G. P., Wang, W., & Abboud, R. J. (2011). Harmful cleats of football boots: a biomechanical evaluation. Foot and Ankle Surgery, 17(3), 140-144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fas.2010.04.001
    Bentley, J. A. ; Ramanathan, A. K. ; Arnold, G. P. ; Wang, W. ; Abboud, R. J. / Harmful cleats of football boots : a biomechanical evaluation. In: Foot and Ankle Surgery. 2011 ; Vol. 17, No. 3. pp. 140-144.
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    abstract = "BackgroundFootball players wear boots of varying cleat designs with some preferring the bladed cleats while others opting for the conventional studded cleats. The current study compares biomechanically the boots with differing cleat designs and their effect on feet, if any.MethodsTwenty-nine healthy male volunteers were recruited from amateur football teams. They were asked to perform three trials each of two activities: a straight run and a run cutting at a 60° angle wearing bladed and studded Adidas{\circledR}-F series boots on artificial turf. Plantar pressure values were recorded using the Pedar{\circledR}-X in-shoe pressure measuring device. Peak pressure and pressure-time integral were analysed over 11 clinically relevant areas under the foot.ResultsWhile the in-shoe pressure and pressure-time integral were higher under the medial half of the foot with studded boots, they were higher under the lateral half of the foot with the bladed design.ConclusionsThe studded boots can be considered safer as the pressure distribution across the foot and the pattern of centre of pressure progression mimicked the normal motif, whereas the bladed boots could potentially be deemed relatively more harmful due to the unnatural increased loading under the lateral half of the foot, predisposing the foot to injuries.",
    keywords = "Football boots, Plantar pressure, Cleat design, Biomechanics, Pedar (R)-X",
    author = "Bentley, {J. A.} and Ramanathan, {A. K.} and Arnold, {G. P.} and W. Wang and Abboud, {R. J.}",
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    Bentley, JA, Ramanathan, AK, Arnold, GP, Wang, W & Abboud, RJ 2011, 'Harmful cleats of football boots: a biomechanical evaluation', Foot and Ankle Surgery, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 140-144. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fas.2010.04.001

    Harmful cleats of football boots : a biomechanical evaluation. / Bentley, J. A.; Ramanathan, A. K.; Arnold, G. P.; Wang, W.; Abboud, R. J.

    In: Foot and Ankle Surgery, Vol. 17, No. 3, 09.2011, p. 140-144.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Harmful cleats of football boots

    T2 - a biomechanical evaluation

    AU - Bentley, J. A.

    AU - Ramanathan, A. K.

    AU - Arnold, G. P.

    AU - Wang, W.

    AU - Abboud, R. J.

    PY - 2011/9

    Y1 - 2011/9

    N2 - BackgroundFootball players wear boots of varying cleat designs with some preferring the bladed cleats while others opting for the conventional studded cleats. The current study compares biomechanically the boots with differing cleat designs and their effect on feet, if any.MethodsTwenty-nine healthy male volunteers were recruited from amateur football teams. They were asked to perform three trials each of two activities: a straight run and a run cutting at a 60° angle wearing bladed and studded Adidas®-F series boots on artificial turf. Plantar pressure values were recorded using the Pedar®-X in-shoe pressure measuring device. Peak pressure and pressure-time integral were analysed over 11 clinically relevant areas under the foot.ResultsWhile the in-shoe pressure and pressure-time integral were higher under the medial half of the foot with studded boots, they were higher under the lateral half of the foot with the bladed design.ConclusionsThe studded boots can be considered safer as the pressure distribution across the foot and the pattern of centre of pressure progression mimicked the normal motif, whereas the bladed boots could potentially be deemed relatively more harmful due to the unnatural increased loading under the lateral half of the foot, predisposing the foot to injuries.

    AB - BackgroundFootball players wear boots of varying cleat designs with some preferring the bladed cleats while others opting for the conventional studded cleats. The current study compares biomechanically the boots with differing cleat designs and their effect on feet, if any.MethodsTwenty-nine healthy male volunteers were recruited from amateur football teams. They were asked to perform three trials each of two activities: a straight run and a run cutting at a 60° angle wearing bladed and studded Adidas®-F series boots on artificial turf. Plantar pressure values were recorded using the Pedar®-X in-shoe pressure measuring device. Peak pressure and pressure-time integral were analysed over 11 clinically relevant areas under the foot.ResultsWhile the in-shoe pressure and pressure-time integral were higher under the medial half of the foot with studded boots, they were higher under the lateral half of the foot with the bladed design.ConclusionsThe studded boots can be considered safer as the pressure distribution across the foot and the pattern of centre of pressure progression mimicked the normal motif, whereas the bladed boots could potentially be deemed relatively more harmful due to the unnatural increased loading under the lateral half of the foot, predisposing the foot to injuries.

    KW - Football boots

    KW - Plantar pressure

    KW - Cleat design

    KW - Biomechanics

    KW - Pedar (R)-X

    U2 - 10.1016/j.fas.2010.04.001

    DO - 10.1016/j.fas.2010.04.001

    M3 - Article

    VL - 17

    SP - 140

    EP - 144

    JO - Foot and Ankle Surgery

    JF - Foot and Ankle Surgery

    SN - 1268-7731

    IS - 3

    ER -