Health and Social Care Inequalities: The Impact of COVID-19 on People Experiencing Homelessness in Brazil

Nilza Rogéria de Andrade Nunes, Andrea Rodriguez, Giovanna Bueno Cinacchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)
80 Downloads (Pure)


This article aims to reflect on the challenges affecting people experiencing homelessness in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, due the COVID-19 pandemic. Participatory research was carried out to identify data related to sociodemographic profile; strategies for survival; health and social care support; and access to services during the pandemic. The research methodology was co-designed with NGOs and people with lived experience of homelessness and involved conducting semi-structured questionnaires with 304 participants in 2020. The results highlighted the worsening of the situation of extreme vulnerability and poverty already experienced by this population before the pandemic. Key strategies led by Third Sector organizations to reduce the spread of the virus, to minimize the financial impact of lockdown, and to increase emotional support and information on COVID-19 were presented. The conclusions show the complexity of issues affecting these groups and the need for urgent response from public policies and Government support to guarantee their rights, dignity, and respect during and after the COVID-19 pandemic. View Full-Text
Original languageEnglish
Article number5545
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2021


  • homelessness
  • COVID-19
  • social care
  • participatory research
  • Brazil
  • health inequalities
  • Homelessness
  • Participatory research
  • Health inequalities
  • Social care

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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