Heart failure in frail elderly patients: diagnostic difficulties, co-morbidities, polypharmacy and treatment dilemmas

Christopher T C Lien, Neil D Gillespie, Allan D Struthers, Marion E T McMurdo

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    189 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Heart failure (HF) is difficult to diagnose and treat in older patients. Symptoms may be non-specific and the presence of co-morbidities and polypharmacy complicate treatment strategies. There are, however, few data to quantify the extent of these problems in the very elderly.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)91-98
    Number of pages8
    JournalEuropean Journal of Heart Failure
    Volume4
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2002

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