High-end maritime security as legal argumentation

Volker Röben (Lead / Corresponding author)

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    High-end maritime security involves conflicting claims by states for control over marine resources. The purpose of this chapter is to explore the legal argumentation states may use under the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (‘the Convention’). Grammar of legal argumentation concerns the way that arguments about the concepts and rules of law may be presented. The chapter argues that a grammar of objective law structures the concept of marine zones as collectively agreed, non-dispositive legal concepts, displacing a subjective grammar based on sovereignty, agreement and consent. This chapter references the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), an innovation of the Convention on the traditional law of the sea. It examines the awards in the South China Sea and Chagos cases for four markers of an objective grammar on the EEZ concept. First, this concept is to become autonomous and exclusive in defining and distributing competences and entitlements over resources between states, displacing arguments based on sovereignty. Second, allocation of an EEZ to a state becomes based on geographic factors, substituting for agreement. Third, in the EEZ, states exercise powers under constraints, rather than discretionary rights. Fourth and finally, enforcement when contested becomes institutionalised, substituting for consent. The chapter concludes that the shift to an objective grammar is ongoing but by no means complete and highlights implications for maritime security in high-end disputes.

    Original languageEnglish
    Title of host publicationMaritime Security and the Law of the Sea
    Subtitle of host publicationHelp or Hindrance?
    EditorsMalcolm D. Evans, Sofia Galani
    PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing
    Chapter4
    Pages83-103
    Number of pages21
    ISBN (Electronic)9781788971416
    ISBN (Print)9781788971409
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 17 Jan 2020

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