Highly Diverse Phytophthora infestans Populations Infecting Potato Crops in Pskov Region, North-West Russia

Eve Runno-Paurson (Lead / Corresponding author), Collins A. Agho, Nadezda Zoteyeva, Mati Koppel, Merili Hansen, Tiit Hallikma, David E. L. Cooke, Helina Nassar, Ülo Niinemets

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2 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

There is limited understanding of the genetic variability in Phytophthora infestans in the major potato cultivation region of north-western Russia, where potato is grown primarily by small households with limited chemical treatment of late blight. In this study, the mating type, sensitivity to metalaxyl, and genotype and population genetic diversity (based on 12 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers) of 238 isolates of P. infestans from the Pskov region during the years 2010−2013 were characterized. The aim was to examine the population structure, phenotypic and genotypic diver-sity, and the prevalent reproductive mode of P. infestans, as well as the influence of the location, time, and agricultural management practices on the pathogen population. The frequency of the A2 mating was stable over the four seasons and ranged from 33 to 48% of the sampled population. Both mating types occurred simultaneously in 90% of studied fields, suggesting the presence of sexual reproduction and oospore production in P. infestans in the Pskov region. Metalaxyl-sensitive isolates prevailed in all four years (72%), however, significantly fewer sensitive isolates were found in samples from large-scale conventional fields. A total of 50 alleles were detected in the 141 P. infestans isolates analyzed for genetic diversity. Amongst the 83 SSR multilocus genotypes (MLGs) detected, 65% were unique and the number of MLGs varied between locations from 3 to 20. These results, together with the high genotypic diversity observed in all the locations and the lack of significance of linkage disequilibrium, suggest that sexual recombination is likely responsible for the unique MLGs and the high genetic diversity found in the Pskov region population, resembling those of north-eastern European populations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number472
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Fungi
Volume8
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2022

Keywords

  • genetic diversity
  • late blight
  • mating type
  • metalaxyl resistance
  • SSR markers

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