Hochachka's "Hypoxia Defense Strategies" identify oxygen signalling, metabolic arrest, channel arrest and coordinated suppression of ATP turnover rates as key factors that determine the ability of organisms to survive exposure to chronic hypoxia. In this review, I assess the developmental role played by these phenomena in the morphogenesis of the gas exchange tissues that define the pathway for oxygen transport to cytochrome c oxidase. Key areas of regulation lie in: (I) the suppression of fetal mitochondrial oxidative function in hand with mitochondrial biogenesis (metabolic arrest), (II) the role of hypoxia-driven oxygen signalling pathways in directing the scope of non-differentiated stem cell proliferation in placenta and lung development and (III) the regulation of epithelial fluid secretion/absorption in the lung through the oxygen-dependent modulation of Na+ conductance pathways. The identification of developmental roles for Hochachka's "Hypoxia Defense Strategies" in directing the morphogenesis of gas exchange structures bears with it the implication that these strategies are fundamental to establishing the scope for aerobic metabolic performance throughout life.
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|