How to cook a SNARC: Number placement in text rapidly changes spatial-numerical associations

Martin H. Fischer, Richard A. Mills, Samuel Shaki

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    98 Citations (Scopus)


    Most theoreticians believe that reading habits explain why Western adults associate small numbers with left space and large numbers with right space (the SNARC effect). We challenge this belief by documenting, in both English and Hebrew, that SNARC changes during reading: small and large numbers it. our texts appeared near the left or right ends of the lines, positioned either spatially congruent or incongruent with reading habits. In English, the congruent group showed reliable SNARC before and after reading and the incongruent group's SNARC was significantly reduced. In Hebrew the incongruent reading condition even induced a reverse SNARC. These results show that SNARC is a fleeting aspect of number representation that captures multiple spatial associations. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)333-336
    Number of pages4
    JournalBrain and Cognition
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

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