The cytochrome P-450 monooxygenase system possesses catalytic activity toward many exogenous compounds (e.g., drugs, insecticides, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons) and endogenous compounds (e.g., steroids, fatty acids, and prostaglandins). Multiple forms of cytochrome P-450 with different substrate specificities have been isolated. In the presence paper we report the isolation and sequence of a cDNA clone for the human hepatic cytochrome P-450 responsible for mephenytoin (an anticonvulsant) oxidation. The mephenytoin cytochrome P-450 is analogous to the rat cytochrome P-450 termed PB-1 (family P450C2C). We also report that human PB-1 is encoded by one of a small family of related genes all of which map to human chromosome 10q24.1-10q24.3. The endogenous role of this enzyme appears to be in steroid oxidations. This cytochrome P-450 family does not correspond to any of the hepatic cytochrome P-450 gene families previously mapped in humans.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||American Journal of Human Genetics|
|Publication status||Published - 1988|