Hybrid Supported Employment Approach for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities in India: Evidence Based Case Studies

Priyanka Chandrasekaran, Sreekanth Thekkumkara (Lead / Corresponding author), Anandhi Jothibalan, Aarti Jagannathan, Deepak Jayarajan, Shanivaram K. Reddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
8 Downloads (Pure)


Studies have reported that persons with developmental disabilities have the lowest rate of labor force participation, relative to other disabilities due to various factors. This paper presents two cases studies of persons with ID who were successfully provided a hybrid supported employment approach of ‘train and place model’ and ‘place and train model’ by the Psychiatric Rehabilitation Services (PRS) team. Conducted a retrospective file review highlighting the process of supported employment approach adapted for persons with ID. The ethical approval was obtained from the Institute Ethical Committee. The hybrid supported employment approach focuses on enhancing client’s vocational potential and skills, prepare for job ready, find a suitable job placement. Further, the approach helped in improving the sense of independence self-esteem and quality of life of the clients. A hybrid supported employment approach could be an effective method in aiding persons with developmental disabilities in India seek, get, and keep jobs; it will also help them deal with unique challenges they face in the workplace as well as loss of or gaps in employment. Involvement of families in the intervention will help minimize negative expressed emotions and distress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)317-323
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2021


  • Hybrid supported employment
  • Supported Employment
  • Case study
  • Rehabilitation
  • Disability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology
  • General Social Sciences
  • General Health Professions


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