Hydro- and aero-elastic response of floating offshore wind turbines to combined waves and wind in frequency domain

Azin Lamei, Masoud Hayatdavoodi, H. Ronald Riggs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


An analytical approach and numerical solution to determine coupled aeroelastic and hydroelastic response of floating offshore wind turbines of arbitrary shape to combined wind and wave loads is presented. The model considers simultaneously the aerodynamic and hydrodynamic loads on an FOWT and integrates these with finite element method for structural analysis
due to the combined loads. The hydrodynamic and aerodynamic loads are determined based on the linear wave diffraction theory and steady blade element momentum method, respectively, and the solution is obtained in frequency domain. The structure may be fixed or floating, located in arbitrary water depth, and may host single or multiple wind towers. The model captures the complete translational and rotational motions of the body in three dimensions, and the elasticity of the blades, tower and the floating platform. To assess the performance of the model, rigid and elastic responses of a FOWT to combined wave and wind loads are computed and compared with available laboratory measurements and other theoretical approaches
where possible, and overall very good agreement is observed. The model developed in this study addresses directly three shortcomings of existing approaches used for the analysis of FOWTs, namely (i) determination of the elastic responses of the entire structure including the floating platform, (ii) analysis of the motion and elastic response of FOWTs in frequency domain, and (iii) assessment of responses of FOWTs with single or multiple wind towers.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Ocean Engineering and Marine Energy
Early online date16 Mar 2024
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 16 Mar 2024


  • Floating offshore wind turbines
  • Hydroelasticity
  • Aeroelasticity
  • Wave-wind loads


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