Hydroponic Common-Bean Performance under Reduced N-Supply Level and Rhizobia Application

Ioannis Karavidas, Georgia Ntatsi (Lead / Corresponding author), Theodora Ntanasi, Anastasia Tampakaki, Ariadni Giannopoulou, Dimitra Pantazopoulou, Leo Sabatino, Pietro P. M. Iannetta, Dimitrios Savvas (Lead / Corresponding author)

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    1 Citation (Scopus)
    27 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    This study aims to explore the possibility of a reduced application of inorganic nitrogen (N) fertiliser on the yield, yield qualities, and biological nitrogen fixation (BNF) of the hydroponic common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), without compromising plant performance, by utilizing the inherent ability of this plant to symbiotically fix N2. Until the flowering stage, plants were supplied with a nutrient solution containing N-concentrations of either a, 100%, conventional standard-practice, 13.8 mM; b, 75% of the standard, 10.35 mM; or c, 50% of the standard, 6.9 mM. During the subsequent reproductive stage, inorganic-N treatments b and c were decreased to 25% of the standard, and the standard (100% level) N-application was not altered. The three different inorganic-N supply treatments were combined with two different rhizobia strains, and a control (no-inoculation) treatment, in a two-factorial experiment. The rhizobia strains applied were either the indigenous strain Rhizobium sophoriradicis PVTN21 or the commercially supplied Rhizobium tropici CIAT 899. Results showed that the 50–25% mineral-N application regime led to significant increases in nodulation, BNF, and fresh-pod yield, compared to the other treatment, with a reduced inorganic-N supply. On the other hand, the 75–25% mineral-N regime applied during the vegetative stage restricted nodulation and BNF, thus incurring significant yield losses. Both rhizobia strains stimulated nodulation and BNF. However, the BNF capacity they facilitated was suppressed as the inorganic-N input increased. In addition, strain PVTN21 was superior to CIAT 899—as 50–25% N-treated plants inoculated with the former showed a yield loss of 11%, compared to the 100%-N-treated plants. In conclusion, N-use efficiency optimises BNF, reduces mineral-N-input dependency, and therefore may reduce any consequential negative environmental consequences of mineral-N over-application.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number646
    Number of pages17
    JournalPlants
    Volume12
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023

    Keywords

    • biological nitrogen fixation
    • nitrogen
    • nodulation
    • Phaseolus vulgarisL
    • strain
    • yield

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
    • Ecology
    • Plant Science

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